A Letter from Frederick Douglass (Partial)

Photo source: Firefox image search wbur


This letter has been digitized by the Clements Library at the University of Michigan.

Here is the Link to the scanned original doc.

“This manuscript broadside advertised a festival on July 5 of 1852, featuring a reading of the “Glorious Declaration of 1776” and a speech by Frederick Douglass under the auspices of the Rochester Ladies’ Anti-Slavery Society. His oration praised the greatness and bravery of the founding fathers before eloquently illuminating the anniversary as a deceitful mockery in the face of American slavery. This speech, now better known as “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July,” is widely considered to be one of the highest points of 19th-century American oratory.”

Douglass would proclaim: “I am not included within the pale of glorious anniversary! Your high independence only reveals the immeasurable distance between us. The blessings in which you, this day, rejoice, are not enjoyed in common. The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity and independence, bequeathed by your fathers, is shared by you, not by me. The sunlight that brought light and healing to you, has brought stripes and death to me. This Fourth July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn…

What, to the American slave, is your 4th of July? I answer: a day that reveals to him, more than all other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim. To him, your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty, an unholy license; your national greatness, swelling vanity; your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless; your denunciations of tyrants, brass fronted impudence; your shouts of liberty and equality, hollow mockery; your prayers and hymns, your sermons and thanksgivings, with all your religious parade, and solemnity, are, to him, mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety, and hypocrisy — a thin veil to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages.”

We need Junteenth to be a Federal Holiday.

How to Impeach a Sitting President

Trump has achieved each point below. He must be removed with all haste.

  1. improperly exceeding or abusing the powers of the office;
  2. behavior incompatible with the function and purpose of the office; and
  3. misusing the office for an improper purpose or for personal gain.


Article II, Section 4:

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

The Constitution gives Congress the authority to impeach and remove the President, 1 Vice President, and all federal civil officers for treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. 2 This tool was inherited from English practice, in which Parliament impeached and convicted ministers and favorites of the Crown in a struggle for to rein in the Crown’s power. Congress’s power of impeachment is an important check on the executive and judicial branches, recognized by the Framers as a crucial tool for holding government officers accountable for violations of the law and abuses of power. 3 Congress has most notably employed the impeachment tool against the President and federal judges, but all federal civil officers are subject to removal by impeachment. 4 The practice of impeachment makes clear, however, that Members of Congress are not civil officers subject to impeachment and removal. 5

While judicial precedents inform the effective substantive meaning of various provisions of the Constitution, impeachment is at bottom a unique political process largely unchecked by the judiciary. While the meaning of treason and bribery is relatively clear, the scope of high crimes and misdemeanors lacks a formal definition and has been fleshed out over time, in a manner perhaps analogous to the common law, through the practice of impeachments in the United States Congress. 6 The type of behavior that qualifies as impeachable conduct, and the circumstances in which impeachment is an appropriate remedy for such actions, are thus determined by, among other things, competing political interests, changing institutional relationships among the three branches of government, and legislators’ interaction with and accountability to the public. 7 The weight of historical practice, rather than judicial precedent, is thus central to understanding the nature of impeachment in the United States.


The Constitution of the United States of America


Tuesday’s Feed

Jane Elliot is my hero.

Audio Interview

Jane on Jimmy Fellon

Van Jones on Conan

Eff Yeah!





From the circus: Trump’s (Press Secretary Older Post)




Ahead of Trump Bible photo op, police forcibly expel priest from St. John’s church near White House










Hey Ho Trump has got to go



Response to an email from a family member

Below is my tirade.
As for Minneapolis every time there’s a flairs up-we are so surprised! What a bunch of BS. This has been going on for ages in this country.
How could we not see this coming? We’ve watched for years; the over incarceration of blacks and minorities, the random murders by police, the righteous hubris of our political leaders on both sides, the republicans’ idealized victimization, the extreme use of religion to persecute and the attacks on immigrants with no concern for their children.
Yeah we better see it coming. What’s caused this? We as a people ignore everything until it effects us directly. We find it so easy to blame everyone else for our problems. Our country has been the planet bully for at least a hundred years. We believed that america was kind and caring. Granted there are many americans who are kind and caring but our government has been actively involved in murder, death and destruction. Our government has never stopped oppressing others within our borders. Blacks and others have not been invited to live the “american dream”.
What can we do to stop it? Care. Giving. Reaching out to those in need. Expressing our concern. Letting those in pain know they have our support and respect. We must join the demonstrations while knowing that we are putting ourselves at risk. We cannot change our skin color and we are automatically guilty of all white atrocities. We also put that on all blacks they are automatically guilty of the actions of other blacks. Same with Latinos, American Indians, Chinese, and etc.
Our government and police are not part of society. They are fortress-ed in their fear of the other (other skin color, other nationalities, other beliefs). They actively refuse to accept anything but white and their version of Christianity.
The riots do not surprise me. How long will people continue being ignored? Not long.
How would white america feel if a white man was strangled to death by 5 black police officers? You can bet they’d storm the capitol with their guns and righteous indignation. They’d loot and burn the town down. All it takes is one spark.
A handful of white protestors show up at the state capitols and the whole country goes into convulsions. A group of blacks protest and they get the boot on the neck and are blamed for their frustration. All the while the whole country tries to placate the few upset whites.  Yeah what the fuck, over.
The stories go on and on. The abuse goes on and on. There are so many levels that the problems cannot be solved over night, but we refuse to even start. We won’t even consider solutions. We just blame.
We are so susceptible to comfort. “Tell us what we want to hear!”, “Tell us we are not the problem.”
I’m as guilty as those I complain about. I live for comfort.
On the upside we can recover.
It’ll take work, compassion and empathy, sadly we are not ready to commit, yet. If we do we won’t see immediate progress. It’ll take a generation or two. But if we don’t start our grandchildren will be living in this same nightmare. It’s the commitment that really matters. We care for one day then it’s all forgotten. For those who suffer the wrongful death of their loved one it doesn’t end. While we go on our merry way. What an insult to those who suffer.
We must build trust. Trust can only be earned. Earned by actions and not words.
When will we stop the indoctrination of our children into hate and fear? Our country is so good at it. We’ve learned well how to manipulate the masses. Maybe we do have to break the system to repair it?
I use the small “a” in america, we don’t deserve the capitol “A”.
My hopes are based in the constitution, “to strive for a more perfect union”. We must strive.